The potential of hydrogen for decarbonising steel production
Christian Martin Kurrer, The potential of hydrogen for decarbonising steel production, EPRS, European Parliament, December 2020
The iron and steel industry is a major contributor to the overall anthropogenic CO2 emissions worldwide, and therefore a significant driver of climate change. This paper explores the possible options for decarbonising iron and steel production processes, focusing on the use of renewable hydrogen as an alternative to fossil coal. It explains the basic physical and chemical differences between the two alternative processes, their cost structures and potential for further cost reductions, as well as the larger implications and longer-term consequences of switching to hydrogen in this key industrial sector.
Publication type:
policy brief
Publication language:
Publication date:
Publication URL:
European Parliament / Science and Technology Options Assessment (STOA) (STOA)