AI solutions now and in the future
Heikki Ailisto & Petri Myllymäki, Sasu Tarkoma, Joni-Kristian Kämäräinen, Juha Röning, Tapio Salakoski, Arno Solin, Pertti Saariluoma, Tommi Mikkonen, Mark van Gils, Kaisa Väänänen, Kai Puolamäki, Peter Ylén, Teemu Roos, Jaana Leikas, Antti Honkela, Matti Kutila, Laura Ruotsalainen, Petri Ylikoski, Risto Linturi (2022) Tekoälyratkaisut tänään ja tulevaisuudessa. Eduskunnan tulevaisuusvaliokunnan julkaisu 1/ 2022. Eduskunta: Helsinki.
The report presents the present status and the future outlook of various domains of AI development. The book is a compilation of expert insights divided into two parts. PART I. At the beginning of the book, research professor Heikki Ailisto and professor Petri Myllymäki create an overview of how to define artificial intelligence (AI) and what kind of methods are included in solutions of AI. Chapters 2–7 go through the various operational capabilities of AI: Professor Sasu Tarkoma opens up the questions of data analysis based on AI. Professor Joni-Kristian Kämäräinen talks about the ways in which AI can observe their physical environment, while Professor Juha Röning provides an insight into AI and robotics relationship. Professor Tapio Salakoski presents how AI understands and produces natural language, and the nature of AI-based learning is analyzed by an assistant professor Arno Solin. Professor Pertti Saariluoma sheds light on what AI-based creativity is like. Chapters 8–12 describe the use of AI for socially beneficial purposes: Professor Tommi Mikkonen explains how AI can be used for the development of public services. Professor Mark van Gils highlights the potential and the challenges of AI in healthcare development. Professor Kaisa Väänänen examines AI-based data analysis in the context of human-centered urban development. Assistant professor Kai Puolamäki introduces how AI can be used to support scientific research. Leading researcher Peter Ylén breaks down the ways and conditions under which AI can be utilized in the prevention of marginalization. Chapters 13–18 review the responsible and safe development and use of artificial intelligence questions: Professor Teemu Roos writes about AI literacy as a civic skill and about the political aspects related to artificial intelligence. Docent Jaana Leikas opens ethical principles that should be kept in mind when designing and utilizing AI solutions. Associate professor Antti Honkela analyzes information security issues related to AI. Physical security issues for AI in the use of automated vehicles are presented by team manager Matti Kutila. Assistant professor Laura Ruotsalainen discusses in his text the ways in which AI could be used for sustainable development to achieve environmental goals. At the end of Part I, Professor Petri Ylikoski breaks down the requirements that data and data work must meet in order to utilize AI in a socially sustainable way PART II. Futurist Risto Linturi provides background on the experiment that the Committee for the Future made with discursive AI. First Linturi introduces in what way could AI act as support intelligence. The last chapter of the book is a statement about the AI experiment, which Linturi submitted to the Committee for the Future when the Committee processed Government's report of the EU Commission's strategic foresight report 2020. In the statement, Linturi also reviews the history of the development of AI solutions and their application contexts. He presents GPT-3 application that produces text and is capable of dialogue with a human and reports to the committee on an AI experiment. Finally, he evaluates the benefits of this type of AI and tells about the threats and opportunities related to AI development. The book concludes with the appendices of that statement, which present them verbatim the discussions with which two "artificial intelligence characters" were prepared for the meeting of the Committee for the Future for, as well as the written discussions with artificial intelligence in the Committee meeting itself.
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Committee for the Future of the Parliament of Finland (ComFuture)