The impact of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) on artificial intelligence (Options Brief)
The impact of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) on artificial intelligence (Options Brief), EPRS, European Parliament, June 2020
This study addresses the relation between the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and artificial intelligence (AI). It considers challenges and opportunities for individuals and society, and the ways in which risks can be countered and opportunities enabled through law and technology. The study discusses the tensions and proximities between AI and data protection principles, such as in particular purpose limitation and data minimisation. It makes a thorough analysis of automated decision-making, considering the extent to which it is admissible, the safeguard measures to be adopted, and whether data subjects have a right to individual explanations. The study then considers the extent to which the GDPR provides for a preventive risk-based approach, focused on data protection by design and by default.
Publication type:
policy brief
Publication language:
English
Publication date:
2020-06
Publication URL:
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2020/641530/EPRS_STU(2020)641530(ANN1)_EN.pdf
Institute:
European Parliament / Science and Technology Options Assessment (STOA) (STOA)
Country:
EU
Project:
The impact of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) on artificial intelligence (STOA)

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